Original Articles

Vanadium oxide 3- methoxy salen, a synthetic biologically active complex against cancerous cell lines


Background: Vanadium is an essential dietary microelement that plays a key role in the metabolic pathways and has anti-neoplastic effects. In this regard, vanadium oxide 3-methoxy salen complex was produced and its anticancer effects were evaluated. Methods: Schiff bases produced from equivamounts of Vanadyl acetylacetonate [VO(acac)2] in methanol were used to make a vanadium oxide 3-methoxy salen complex. Then, antioxidant property of compound, cell viability and cytotoxicity assay, DNA fragmentation analysis and determination of the apoptosis pathway genes were evaluated. Results: Result showed that compound with an RC50 value of 126.3 µM, the compound demonstrated considerable free radical scavenging activity. The combination strongly suppressed the viability and proliferation of HeLa and McCoy cell lines in a dose-dependent manner, with IC50 values of 213 µM and 175 µM, respectively. When the viability and cytotoxicity values of the treated cells were compared, it was discovered that the cells had died of apoptosis, which was validated by DNA fragmentation analysis. Capspase 3, Bcl2 antagonist/killer, and Bcl2 associated X protein (Bax) gene expression levels all increased significantly in a quantitative investigation of apoptotic pathway genes, with 2-CT values of 2.36, 2.63, and 3.18, respectively. Conclusion: In malignant cell lines, lower quantities of the complex caused programmed cell death. This potential of complex can be used in cancer chemoprevention and cancer therapy.
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IssueVol 14 No 1 (2022) QRcode
SectionOriginal Articles
Apoptosis, Vanadium, Salen Complex, Bax, Caspase

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How to Cite
Golamirad F, Zahri S, Abdolmaleki A, Bezaatpour A, Razavi SM. Vanadium oxide 3- methoxy salen, a synthetic biologically active complex against cancerous cell lines. Basic Clin Cancer Res. 2023;14(1):28-36.