Original Articles

Fostering Population-Based Cancer Registries in Developing Countries


Background: Due to the marked increase in the burden of cancer both in the developed and developing countries, World Health Organization recommends planning and implementation of comprehensive cancer control program in all countries. We evaluated evolutionary progress of the population based cancer registries (PBCR), an essential component of the cancer control program.Methods: We studied frequency and coverage of cancer registries worldwide in overall and stratified by regions and countries, using the data published in the Cancer in Five Continents (CI5) volume I-IX. Using the population proportion of the study unit as the weight, we estimated weighted average of the registration coverage in the studied countries and regions.Results: We found that coverage of cancer registry is increasing worldwide. In overall, 224 PBCRs estimate cancer incidence in 19.6% of world population. While the coverage was almost complete in the western countries, some counties particularly in Africa and Asia lack even a single cancer registry. The lowest coverage was generally observed in Africa (1.4%) and Southeastern Asia (2%). Using information technology, lead to a considerable increase in the coverage of cancer registries in the US, where it increased from 14% percent in 1997 to 96% in 2002.Conclusion: Developing countries must prioritize establishment of cancer registration system. Looking at the developed countries with well-functioning registries may help establish an efficient registration system in developing countries. Using advance information technology will help achieve an efficient and optimal PBCR.

Parkin DM, Bray FI, Devesa SS. Cancer burden in the year 2000. The global picture. Eur J Cancer. 2001 Oct;37 Suppl 8:S4-66.

Jensen OM, Storm HH. Cancer registration: principles and methods. Reporting of results. IARC Sci Publ. 1991(95):108-25.

Bray F, Parkin DM. Evaluation of data quality in the cancer registry: principles and methods. Part I: comparability, validity and timeliness. Eur J Cancer. 2009 Mar;45(5):747-55.

Curado M.P. EB, Shin H.R., Storm H., Ferlay J., Heanue M. and Boyle P. Cancer Incidence in Five Continents Lyon: IARC 2007

Parkin DM, Bray F. Evaluation of data quality in the cancer registry: principles and methods Part II. Completeness. Eur J Cancer. 2009 Mar;45(5):756-64.

GLOBOCAN 2008, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide [database on the Internet]. International Agency for Research on Cancer. 2010. Available from: Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr.

Curado MP, Voti L, Sortino-Rachou AM. Cancer registration data and quality indicators in low and middle income countries: their interpretation and potential use for the improvement of cancer care. Cancer Causes Control. 2009 Jul;20(5):751-6.

Natoin U. http/esa.un.org/unpp. United Natoin; 2010 [cited 2010]; Available from: http/esa.un.org/unpp.

Wingo PA, Howe HL, Thun MJ, Ballard- Barbash R, Ward E, Brown ML, et al. A national framework for cancer surveillance in the United States. Cancer Causes Control. 2005 Mar;16(2):151-70.

Etemadi A, Sadjadi A, Semnani S, Nouraie SM, Khademi H, Bahadori M. Cancer registry in Iran: a brief overview. Arch Iran Med. 2008 Sep;11(5):577-80.

Mousavi S GM, Ramazani R. Cancer Registration Report, for year 2006. In: Cancer Office CoN-cDC, editor. Tehran: Ministry of Health and Medical Education; 2007.

Zendehdel K SZ, Hassanloo J, Nahvijou A. Improving Quality of Cancer Registration in Iran. Part1: Evaluation and Comparison of Cancer Registration Results in the Country. Hakim Research Journal. 2010;12(4):42-9.

IssueVol 3 No 1 (2011) QRcode
SectionOriginal Articles
Cancer Registry Coverage Population Based International Developing Country

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
Keshtmand G, Zendehdel K. Fostering Population-Based Cancer Registries in Developing Countries. Basic Clin Cancer Res. 1;3(1):5-13.